SHP-2 (also called PTP2C, SH-PTP2, PTP1D, SH-PTP3, Syp and PTPN11) is a protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) expressed in most cell types (unlike SHP-1), (1). SHP-2 is involved in t the signal transduction stimulated by EGF, PDGF and Insulin. After cell stimulation, SHP-2 (as well as SHP-1), translocates from cytosol to the plasma membrane and binds to tyrosine-phosphorylated receptors through their SH2 domains, becoming activated in the process (2). When phosphorylated, SHP-2 has been shown to bind Grb2, EGFR, PDGFR, IRS-1 via its SH2 domain (3). Overexpression of SHP-2 leads to Juvenile Myelo-monocytic Leukemia and Noonan syndrome (4-5).
EGFR1 Signaling Pathway
Jak-STAT signaling pathway
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