Home Antibody All anti-IL18 antibodies
Also for IL18 (NM_008360)
|The whole rabbit serum used to produce this IgG fraction antibody was prepared by repeated immunizations with native 157 aa mouse IL-18 produced in E.coli.|
||ELISA: 1:1,000 - 1:5,000, WB: 1:500 - 1:2,000
|0.02 M Potassium Phosphate, 0.15 M Sodium Chloride, pH 7.2|
|Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a member of the IL-1 cytokine family and was initially identified as an Interferon-g (IFN-g) inducing factor (IGIF). The IL-18 gene was originally cloned from liver cells and has since been shown to be produced by activated monocytes/ macrophages, Kupffer cells, keratinocytes, glucocorticoid-secreting adrenal cortex cells, osteoblasts and dendritic cells. IL-18 is a 24 kDa, non-glycosylated polypeptide that lacks a classical signal sequence and possesses a structure recognizably similar to IL-1. IL-18 is synthesized as a bio-inactive propeptide that undergoes proteolytic cleavage by either ICE (interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme) or another caspase to generate a mature, bioactive, 18 kDa molecule. In both the mature and propeptide forms, IL-18 shows 64% aa sequence identity from mouse to human. IL-18 does not appear to show any primary sequence similarity to any other known cytokines. Rat IL-18 has also been isolated, and found to be 194 aa in length with a 91% aa sequence identity to mouse IL-18. Human IL-18 has been found to induce the production of IFN-g and GM-CSF while inhibiting the production of IL-10 by PBMC. With respect to human T cells, IL-18 enhances Th1 cytokine production and stimulates cell proliferation via an IL-2-dependent pathway. Human IL-18 can also inhibit the synthesis of IgE by B cells. Thus, IL-18 plays an important role in immunological and inflammatory reactions. Currently, the bioactivity of human IL-18 is often determined by its capacity to augment the levels of IFN-g produced by T cells as measured in tissue culture supernatants.
|Mus musculus interleukin 18 (Il18)|
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Immunofluorescence microscopy of IL-18 in mouse colon sections. The transversing portion of the large intestine from DSS-exposed (Panel A) and -unexposed mice (Panel B) was excised, rinsed in PBS, and frozen on isopentane cooled with liquid nitrogen. Frozen sections (5 µm) were cut on a Leica CM 1850 cryostat. The slides were fixed for 10 min in 4% paraformaldehyde, air-dried, and incubated for 20 min in PBS supplemented with 10% normal goat serum. Sections were incubated in a 1:50 dilution of rabbit anti-Mouse IL-18 antibody or 1 µg/ml nonimmune rabbit IgG (not shown) as negative control. The antibodies were diluted in PBS containing 1% bovine serum albumin. After an overnight incubation at 4°C, the sections were washed three times with 0.5% bovine serum albumin in PBS. The sections were then incubated with a secondary goat anti-rabbit antibody conjugated to Alexa488 (Molecular Probes) for 60 min at room temperature in the dark. Nuclei were counterstained blue using 1 µg/100 ml bisbenzimide. After staining, sections were washed and examined with the Leica DM RXA confocal laser scanning system and analyzed. Similar staining will occur with other systems.