Summary: Phosphorylase kinase is a polymer of 16 subunits, four each of alpha, beta, gamma and delta. The alpha subunit includes the skeletal muscle and hepatic isoforms, encoded by two different genes. The beta subunit is the same in both the muscle and hepatic isoforms, and encoded by one gene. The gamma subunit also includes the skeletal muscle and hepatic isoforms, and the hepatic isoform is encoded by this gene. The delta subunit is a calmodulin and can be encoded by three different genes. The gamma subunits contain the active site of the enzyme, whereas the alpha and beta subunits have regulatory functions controlled by phosphorylation. The delta subunit mediates the dependence of the enzyme on calcium concentration. Mutations in this gene cause glycogen storage disease type 9C, also known as autosomal liver glycogenosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified in this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Feb
These shRNA constructs were designed against multiple splice variants at this gene locus. To be certain that your variant of interest is targeted, align it with our published shRNA design sequences. If these do not align, please utilize our custom shRNA service.
OriGene guarantees that the sequences in the shRNA expression cassettes are verified to correspond to the target gene with 100% identity. One of the four constructs at minimum are guaranteed to produce 70% or more gene expression knock-down provided a minimum transfection efficiency of 80% is achieved. Western Blot data is recommended over qPCR to evaluate the silencing effect of the shRNA constructs 72 hrs post transfection. To properly assess knockdown, the gene expression level from the included scramble control vector must be used in comparison with the target-specific shRNA transfected samples.
For non-conforming shRNA, requests for replacement product must be made within ninety (90) days from the date of delivery of the shRNA kit. To arrange for a free replacement with newly designed constructs, please contact Technical Services at firstname.lastname@example.org. Please provide your data indicating the transfection efficiency and measurement of gene expression knockdown compared to the scrambled shRNA control (Western Blot data preferred).
* Delivery time in business days.Occasional delay may occur due to complexity of the constructs.
All shRNA Citations:
Mitochondrial damage and cholesterol storage in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells with silencing of UBIAD1 gene expression, Morales, CR;Grigoryeva, LS;Pan, X;Bruno, L;,
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports Sep 2014
[UBIAD1] Transmembrane Domain Targeting Peptide Antagonizing ErbB2/Neu Inhibits Breast Tumor Growth and Metastasis, Arpel, A;Sawma, P;Spenlé, C;Fritz, J;Meyer, L;Garnier, N;Velázquez-Quesada, I;Hussenet, T;Aci-Sèche, S;Baumlin, N;Genest, M;Brasse, D;Hubert, P;Crémel, G;Orend, G;Laquerrière, P;Bagnard, D;,
Cell Rep Sep 2014
[ERBB2] PGC-1a mediates mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative phosphorylation in cancer cells to promote metastasis, LeBleu, VS;O'Connell, JT;Gonzalez Herrera, KN;Wikman, H;Pantel, K;Haigis, MC;de Carvalho, FM;Damascena, A;Domingos Chinen, LT;Rocha, RM;Asara, JM;Kalluri, R;,
Nat. Cell Biol. Sep 2014
[PPARGC1A] Leukocyte specific protein-1: A novel regulator of hepatocellular proliferation and migration deleted in human HCC, Koral, K;Paranjpe, S;Bowen, WC;Mars, W;Luo, J;Michalopoulos, GK;,
Hepatology Sep 2014
[ LSP1] Inhibition of tumor-associated avß3 integrin regulates the angiogenic switch by enhancing expression of IGFBP-4 leading to reduced melanoma growth and angiogenesis in vivo, Contois, LW;Akalu, A;Caron, JM;Tweedie, E;Cretu, A;Henderson, T;Liaw, L;Friesel, R;Vary, C;Brooks, PC;,
Angiogenesis Sep 2014
[ITG?3] Pannexin 1 and Pannexin 3 Channels Regulate Skeletal Muscle Myoblast Proliferation and Differentiation, Langlois, S;Xiang, X;Young, K;Cowan, BJ;Penuela, S;Cowan, KN;,
J. Biol. Chem. Sep 2014
[Panx3] TGF-ß1 mediates the radiation response of prostate cancer, Wu, CT;Hsieh, CC;Yen, TC;Chen, WC;Chen, MF;,
J. Mol. Med. Sep 2014
[TGFB1] Beclin-1-p53 interaction is crucial for cell fate determination in embryonal carcinoma cells, Tripathi, R;Ash, D;Shaha, C;,
J. Cell. Mol. Med. Sep 2014
[ATG5] Beclin-1-p53 interaction is crucial for cell fate determination in embryonal carcinoma cells, Tripathi, R;Ash, D;Shaha, C;,
J. Cell. Mol. Med. Sep 2014
[BECN1] Bile Acids Regulate Nuclear Receptor (Nur77) Expression and Intracellular Location to Control Proliferation and Apoptosis, Hu, Y;Chau, T;Liu, HX;Liao, D;Keane, R;Nie, Y;Yang, H;Wan, YJ;,
Mol. Cancer Res. Sep 2014
* Delivery time is an estimate in business days. Occasional delays may occur due to unforeseen complexities in the preparation of your construct. International customers may expect an additional 1-2 weeks in shipping