Summary: Laminins, a family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins, are the major noncollagenous constituent of basement membranes. They have been implicated in a wide variety of biological processes including cell adhesion, differentiation, migration, signaling, neurite outgrowth and metastasis. Laminins, composed of 3 non identical chains: laminin alpha, beta and gamma (formerly A, B1, and B2, respectively), have a cruciform structure consisting of 3 short arms, each formed by a different chain, and a long arm composed of all 3 chains. Each laminin chain is a multidomain protein encoded by a distinct gene. Several isoforms of each chain have been described. Different alpha, beta and gamma chain isomers combine to give rise to different heterotrimeric laminin isoforms which are designated by Arabic numerals in the order of their discovery, i.e. alpha1beta1gamma1 heterotrimer is laminin 1. The biological functions of the different chains and trimer molecules are largely unknown, but some of the chains have been shown to differ with respect to their tissue distribution, presumably reflecting diverse functions in vivo. This gene encodes the gamma chain isoform laminin, gamma 1. The gamma 1 chain, formerly thought to be a beta chain, contains structural domains similar to beta chains, however, lacks the short alpha region separating domains I and II. The structural organization of this gene also suggested that it had diverged considerably from the beta chain genes. Embryos of transgenic mice in which both alleles of the gamma 1 chain gene were inactivated by homologous recombination, lacked basement membranes, indicating that laminin, gamma 1 chain is necessary for laminin heterotrimer assembly. It has been inferred by analogy with the strikingly similar 3' UTR sequence in mouse laminin gamma 1 cDNA, that multiple polyadenylation sites are utilized in human to generate the 2 different sized mRNAs (5.5 and 7.5 kb) seen on Northern analysis. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011].
These shRNA constructs were designed against multiple splice variants at this gene locus. To be certain that your variant of interest is targeted, align it with our published shRNA design sequences. If these do not align, please utilize our custom shRNA service.
OriGene guarantees that the sequences in the shRNA expression cassettes are verified to correspond to the target gene with 100% identity. One of the four constructs at minimum are guaranteed to produce 70% or more gene expression knock-down provided a minimum transfection efficiency of 80% is achieved. Western Blot data is recommended over qPCR to evaluate the silencing effect of the shRNA constructs 72 hrs post transfection. To properly assess knockdown, the gene expression level from the included scramble control vector must be used in comparison with the target-specific shRNA transfected samples.
For non-conforming shRNA, requests for replacement product must be made within ninety (90) days from the date of delivery of the shRNA kit. To arrange for a free replacement with newly designed constructs, please contact Technical Services at email@example.com. Please provide your data indicating the transfection efficiency and measurement of gene expression knockdown compared to the scrambled shRNA control (Western Blot data preferred).
* Delivery time in business days.Occasional delay may occur due to complexity of the constructs.
All shRNA Citations:
Silencing SATB1 influences cell invasion, migration, proliferation, and drug resistance in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Ye, CS;Zhou, DN;Yang, QQ;Deng, YF;,
Int J Clin Exp Pathol Apr 2014
[SATB1] ZEB1 sensitizes lung adenocarcinoma to metastasis suppression by PI3K antagonism, Yang, Y;Ahn, YH;Chen, Y;Tan, X;Guo, L;Gibbons, DL;Ungewiss, C;Peng, DH;Liu, X;Lin, SH;Thilaganathan, N;Wistuba, II;Rodriguez-Canales, J;McLendon, G;Creighton, CJ;Kurie, JM;,
J. Clin. Invest. April 2014
[FOG2] HSCARG, a novel regulator of H2A ubiquitination by downregulating PRC1 ubiquitin E3 ligase activity, is essential for cell proliferation, Hu, B;Li, S;Zhang, X;Zheng, X;,
Nucleic Acids Res. April 2014
[USP7] The transcription factor GLI1 interacts with SMAD proteins to modulate TGFß-induced gene expression in a PCAF-dependent manner, Nye, MD;Almada, LL;Fernandez-Barrena, MG;Marks, DL;Elsawa, SF;Vrabel, A;Tolosa, EJ;Ellenrieder, V;Fernandez-Zapico, ME;,
J. Biol. Chem. April 2014
[SMAD4] The transcription factor GLI1 interacts with SMAD proteins to modulate TGFß-induced gene expression in a PCAF-dependent manner, Nye, MD;Almada, LL;Fernandez-Barrena, MG;Marks, DL;Elsawa, SF;Vrabel, A;Tolosa, EJ;Ellenrieder, V;Fernandez-Zapico, ME;,
J. Biol. Chem. April 2014
[SMAD2] Culture dimensionality influences the resistance of glioblastoma stem-like cells to multikinase inhibitors, Fernandez-Fuente, G;Mollinedo, P;Grande, L;Vazquez-Barquero, A;Fernandez-Luna, JL;,
Mol. Cancer Ther. April 2014
[PDGFRA] HSV-2 Increases TLR4-Dependent Phosphorylated IRFs and IFN-ß Induction in Cervical Epithelial Cells, Liu, H;Chen, K;Feng, W;Guo, J;Li, H;,
PLoS ONE e94806 9 4. April 2014
[TLR4] Chymase Mediates Injury and Mitochondrial Damage in Cardiomyocytes during Acute Ischemia/Reperfusion in the Dog, Zheng, J;Wei, CC;Hase, N;Shi, K;Killingsworth, CR;Litovsky, SH;Powell, PC;Kobayashi, T;Ferrario, CM;Rab, A;Aban, I;Collawn, JF;Dell'italia, LJ;,
PLoS ONE e94732 9 4. April 2014
[NR4A1] Primary cilium regulates CaV1.2 expression through Wnt signaling, Muntean, BS;Jin, X;Williams, FE;Nauli, SM;,
J. Cell. Physiol. April 2014
[CACNA1C] A DERL3-associated defect in the degradation of SLC2A1 mediates the Warburg effect, Lopez-Serra, P;Marcilla, M;Villanueva, A;Ramos-Fernandez, A;Palau, A;Leal, L;Wahi, JE;Setien-Baranda, F;Szczesna, K;Moutinho, C;Martinez-Cardus, A;Heyn, H;Sandoval, J;Puertas, S;Vidal, A;Sanjuan, X;Martinez-Balibrea, E;Viñals, F;Perales, JC;Bramsem, JB;Ørntoft, TF;Andersen, CL;Tabernero, J;McDermott, U;Boxer, MB;Heiden, MG;Albar, JP;Esteller, M;,
Nat Commun 3608 5 . April 2014
* Delivery time is an estimate in business days. Occasional delays may occur due to unforeseen complexities in the preparation of your construct. International customers may expect an additional 1-2 weeks in shipping