Summary: Humans lipodystrophy is characterized by loss of body fat, fatty liver, hypertriglyceridemia, and insulin resistance. Mice carrying mutations in the fatty liver dystrophy (fld) gene have similar phenotypes. Through positional cloning, the mouse gene responsible for fatty liver dystrophy was isolated and designated Lpin1. The nuclear protein encoded by Lpin1 was named lipin. Lpin1 mRNA was expressed at high levels in adipose tissue and was induced during differentiation of preadipocytes. These results indicated that lipin is required for normal adipose tissue development and provided a candidate gene for human lipodystrophy. Through database searches, mouse and human EST and genomic sequences with similarities to Lpin1 were identified. These included two related mouse genes (Lpin2 and Lpin3) and three human homologs (LPIN1, LPIN2, and LPIN3). Human LPIN1 gene has been mapped to 2p25.; linkages of fat mass and serum leptin levels to this same region have been noted. Human LPIN2 and LPIN3 mapped to chromosomes 18p11 and 20q11-q12, respectively. The mouse genes encoding Lpin1, Lpin2, and Lpin3 mapped to chromosome 12, 17, and 2, respectively. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008].
These shRNA constructs were designed against multiple splice variants at this gene locus. To be certain that your variant of interest is targeted, align it with our published shRNA design sequences. If these do not align, please utilize our custom shRNA service.
OriGene guarantees that the sequences in the shRNA expression cassettes are verified to correspond to the target gene with 100% identity. One of the four constructs at minimum are guaranteed to produce 70% or more gene expression knock-down provided a minimum transfection efficiency of 80% is achieved. Western Blot data is recommended over qPCR to evaluate the silencing effect of the shRNA constructs 72 hrs post transfection. To properly assess knockdown, the gene expression level from the included scramble control vector must be used in comparison with the target-specific shRNA transfected samples.
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TR303493 has not yet been cited specifically in any publications.
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