Neuropilin-1 is a type 1 membrane protein with three distinct functions. First, it can mediate cell adhesion via a heterophilic molecular interaction. Second, in neuronal cells, neurophilin-1 binds the class 3 semaphorins, which are neuronal chemorepellents, and plays a role in the directional guidance of axons. NP-1 isoform 1 is a receptor involved in the development of the cardiovascular system, in angiogenesis and in the formation of certain neuronal circuits and in organogenesis outside the nervous system (1). The soluble NP-1 isoform 2 binds VEGF(165) and appears to inhibit its binding to cells (2). It may also induce apoptosis by sequestering VEGF(165). NP-1 may bind various members of the semaphorin family. Its expression has an adverse effect on blood vessel number and integrity (3).
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A. Western blot analysis on (A) Hu-placenta (B) HUVEC (C) HepG2 cell lysates (D) mouse heart tissue (E) mouse kidney tissue (F) rat heart and (G) rat kidney tissue lysate using anti-Neuropilin-1 RabMAb .