Actopaxin (also named Parvin, Parva) is a member of the alpha actinin superfamily containing a single alpha-actinin-like actin-binding domain. The Parvin family plays a role in cell adhesion and cytoskeleton organization. Analysis of Actopaxin and its para- and orthologues suggest, that the parvins represent a new family of alpha-actinin-related proteins that mediate cell-matrix adhesion (1). Actopaxin as a widely expressed protein that binds directly to both F-actin and paxillin LD1 and LD4 motifs. It exhibits robust focal adhesion localization in several cultured cell types but is not found along the length of the associated actin-rich stress fibers. Actopaxin colocalizes with paxillin to rudimentary focal complexes at the leading edge of migrating cells. Results suggest an important role for actopaxin in integrin-dependent remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton during cell motility and cell adhesion (2).
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