ADFP (Adipose differentiation-related protein) is a major protein associated with the lipid droplets in various types of cells, including macrophage-derived foam cells and lipid-laden liver cells (1). The ADFP protein occurs only transiently in adipocytes. It is present at the surface of nascent lipid droplets in early stages of adipocyte differentiation but reduced dramatically after the onset of perilipin expression, whereas ADFP mRNA remains elevated (2). Up-regulation of ADFP may act to sequester fatty acids as triglycerides in discrete lipid droplets that could protect muscle from the detrimental effects of fatty acids on insulin action and glucose tolerance (3).
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