Lysozyme is a ubiquitous enzyme defined as muraminidase catalyzing the hydrolysis of the beta (1-4) glycosidic bond in bacterial peptidoglycan, a major component of the bacterial cell wall (1). Lysozyme C in tissues and body fluids is associated with the monocyte-macrophage system and enhances the activity of immunoagents. Lysozyme C catalyzes the hydrolysis of certain mucopolysaccharides of bacterial cell walls. Specifically, it catalyzes the hydrolysis of the bacterial cell wall beta(1-4) glycosidic linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetylglucosamine. It is found in spleen, lung, kidney, white blood cells, plasma, saliva, milk, and tears (2). Defects in LYZ are a cause of amyloidosis type 8 (AMYL8); also known as systemic non-neuropathic amyloidosis or Ostertag-type amyloidosis (3).
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